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** Welcome to Demon Things **
The Imaginal Realm of Ancient Egyptian Supernatural Beings

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The Ancient Egyptian Demonology Project

 This website serves as a portal for the subject of liminal entities in Ancient Egypt from its earliest times (Predynastic) to the Byzantine. The word “demon” is used here to refer to any helpful or hostile being that does not belong to the Ancient Egyptian categories of major god, human, or animal. 

These beings are known in many cultures by a multitude of names. A sample of the more recognizable includes: gremlins, imps, faeries, ghosts, daemons, genies, mischwesen, goblins, pixies, sprites, gnomes, pucks, sirens, fay, enchanters, fiends, monsters, and even angels.

In Ancient Egypt they were described in texts and imagery. For ordinary people, they played vital roles as mechanisms for coping with and manifesting abstract stresses, afflictions, and fears—or hopes, healers, and  armed defenders. The main aim of this project is to explore and illuminate this less-visible side of Ancient Egyptian life.

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The Ancient Egyptian Demonology Project: Second Millennium BCE is a discrete project focusing on source materials from 2000-1000 BCE. Based at Swansea University Wales, investigators have created online catalogues for researchers and the public alike. Please visit our main Demonology 2K page for lots more information and to explore more of the Imaginal Realm of Ancient Egyptian Supernatural Creatures.

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As important as “supernatural” creatures are in everyday life, until recently there had been no systematic study of such benevolent and malevolent entities in Ancient Egypt. However, in the past few years, Rita Lucarelli (Bonn/Berkeley), Hans Fischer-Elfert (Leipzig), Panagiotis Kousoulis (Rhodes), Ludwig Morenz (Bonn), and Kasia Szpakowska (Swansea), have each been independently researching aspects of the topic.

The time span covered is large (from the the 3rd Millennium BCE through the Roman Period, roughly 3000 B.C.-A.D. 400) as are the source materials. For the textual material alone, the language skills needed are Middle Egyptian, Late Egyptian, Demotic, Coptic, and Greek. The data includes textual sources (spells, funerary texts, temple and artifact inscriptions), iconography (representations on papyrus, tomb walls, artifacts), and objects (figurines).


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