Amr Gaber, Swansea University
MnH, ‘the Butcher’: A Benevolent Demon and Lord of Demons
This work is concerned with a demon, i.e. Meneh who is attested in the ancient Egypt since the Middle Kingdom till the Graeco-Roman Period according to the epigraphic and iconographic evidence. Despite his aggressiveness, fierceness and violence, he uses his forces only against enemies showing a benevolent temper. Being mentioned in religious texts dealing with the afterlife and subsequently not only had his cult in the Graeco-Roman temples, but having his own son as well. Hence, this work studies his different aspects in extenso. Additionally his connection to the butcher demons is established via a new proposed reading of two his epithets.