Demons in Mesopotamia and Egypt: Sāmānu as a Case Study
The demon Sāmānu is attested by numerous magical and medical sources in the ancient Near East and Egypt from the 3rd millennium to the 2nd century B.C. In Mesopotamia, Sāmānu is known as a widespread evil seizing gods, men, animals, plants, as well as rivers. In Egypt, Sāmānu is described only as illness of humankinds. It is notable that both cultures had distinct conceptions about demons. Therefore, the talk highlights the similarities and differences between Egyptian and Mesopotamian demon’s depictions in general, and more specific Sāmānu’s.
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